After the finding on May 23, of the African giant snail (CGA) (Lissachatina fulica) in the community of Certeneja, located about 15 kilometers from the city of Holguín, the action plan foreseen for its control was implemented to avoid the propagation of that dangerous mollusk, whose presence was identified for the first time in Cuba in 2014.
This snail is among the 100 most harmful invasive alien species (IAS) worldwide due to its polyphagous diet of about 200 species of plants and high resistance to environmental variables and reproductive potential, which favors its dispersion and impact on the flora and native fauna.
The CGA constitutes a risk to human and animal health as it hosts nematodes, which is why contact with the mollusk can cause serious diseases, including bronchitis, intestinal disorders, meningitis and encephalitis.
José Luis Rubio Ventura, head of the Department of Plant Health in Holguín, explained that from the discovery for the first time in the province, specialists of that agency conducted a searching in an area of about 22 thousand meters squares in that locality, where they found specimens of that invasive exotic species in neighborhood patios, fences, among leaves, in the plants and other shady places suitable for reproduction.
Faced with the problem, constant monitoring and exhaustive sanitation work are underway in about two hectares of land in Certeneja, belonging to the Julio Grave de Peralta Health area of the municipality of Holguín.
He explained that along with these well-defined actions in the affected area training began for all persons involved in the activity, because there was ignorance in the population of how to proceed in the process of elimination of this species.